What Could an Abnormal Pap Test Mean?

Located in East Brunswick and Hillsborough, New Jersey, Brunswick Hills OBGYN specializes in the health of women’s reproductive systems. Every year, Brunswick Hills OBGYN patients are advised to undergo a gynecological examination, which includes a Pap smear.

A Pap test involves taking some cells from the cervix and examining them under a microscope to screen for cervical cancer. When results show dysplasia or abnormal cells, it is not necessarily an indication of cancer. In fact, an abnormal result is usually not a sign of cancer but rather points to an infection or inflammatory response in the body.

Something as simple as recently having intercourse could cause an abnormal Pap smear. Changes in cervical cells can also occur if the patient has a yeast infection, trichomoniasis, or herpes. Infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV) can additionally lead to cell changes, and those with certain types of HPV are at a higher risk of cervical cancer than others.

After an abnormal Pap smear, the physician may recommend a colposcopy, which involves looking at the cervix with a magnifying tool. If abnormal areas are spotted, a biopsy may be performed to make a diagnosis. An HPV test may also be obtained. After appropriate treatments are administered to remove all of the abnormal cells, the patient will likely need a follow-up Pap test in six months.

For more information about Pap tests, visit BHillsOBGYN.com.

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The Difference between an OB and GYN Sonogram

Located in New Jersey, Brunswick Hills OBGYN provides expert health care for women. Brunswick Hills OBGYN offers a variety of services, including obstetrical and gynecological sonograms.

The most familiar form of sonogram is the obstetrical sonogram, which is used to examine the fetus in a pregnant woman. Also commonly referred to as an ultrasound scan, the OB sonogram provides a visual of a fetus, helps medical professionals determine if there are any congenital abnormalities, and alerts both the patient and doctor if more than one fetus is present. In addition, this form of sonogram is used to track the growth of a fetus to ensure all necessary precautions are taken to protect the fetus and the mother throughout a pregnancy.

A gynecological sonogram focuses more on the organs in a female’s pelvic region. When assessing a patient’s health, a doctor can use a GYN sonogram to identify signs of ovarian cysts, uterine masses, and uterine fibroids. Utilizing transvaginal ultrasound, the doctor inserts a transducer into the vagina. This allows the medical professional to evaluate the ovaries and muscular walls of the uterus as well as other areas that are essential to maintaining one’s pelvic health.

To learn more about sonograms, visit www.bhillsobgyn.com.